Córdoba is a city located in the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River. It is the capital of Córdoba Province and the second most populous city in Argentina after Buenos Aires. It was founded on 6 July 1573 by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera, who named it after Córdoba, Spain. It was one of the first Spanish colonial capitals of the region that is now Argentina (the oldest city is Santiago del Estero, founded in 1553). The National University of Córdoba is the oldest university of the country and the second to be inaugurated in Latin America. It was founded in 1613 by the Jesuit Order. Because of this, Córdoba earned the nickname La Docta (roughly translated, "the learned one").
Córdoba has many historical monuments preserved from Spanish colonial rule, especially buildings of the Roman Catholic Church. The city known for its historical movements, such as Cordobazo and La Reforma del '18 (known as University Revolution in English). It is also known for its vibrant nightlife.