Schaffhausen is a city in northern Switzerland, it has an estimated population of 34,587 as of December 2008. The old portion of the city has many fine Renaissance era buildings decorated with exterior frescos and sculpture, as well as the impressive old canton fortress, the Munot. A train runs out of town to the nearby Rhine Falls in Neuhausen am Rheinfall, Europe's largest waterfall, a tourist attraction. First documented in 1045, Schaffhausen is a city-canton which entered the Swiss Confederation in 1501. It is Switzerland's northernmost canton and is mostly agricultural land, although there are some large corporations headquartered here (IWC, Garmin, ABB).